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HOMENichibunken Monograph Series

Nichibunken Monograph Series

No. 19

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Nichibunken Monograph Seriesは、日文研における研究活動の成果で、既刊の著作の改訂または書き下ろし単著学術論文からなる英文モノグラフシリーズです。海外の出版社との共同出版もされています。執筆者は日文研の教員等です。現在、No. 19まで刊行しています。

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No. 19

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Daimyō Gardens

白幡 洋三郎 著 / 井元 智香子, リン・リッグズ 訳    国際日本文化研究センター, 2016..   <ISBN: 978-4-901558-81-5 ISSN: 1344-4972>

Colophon
Contents
List of Chapter Facing Photographs
Preface
Chapter 1 The Pleasures of Gardens
Fireworks and Fountains : Garden Entertainment in the West
Toward a New Appraisal of Gradens
Use and Appearance
Concepts of Beauty and the Garden
 The Western Garden Aestetic
 The Japanese Garden Aestetic
 Alternating Trends
Restoring Richiness of Perspective
Chapter 2 A History of the Uses of Gardens
The Garden as Paradise : Gardens and Religion
 Nara Buddhism : Centers of Official Learning
 Kyoto Buddhism : Villa Gardens to Temples
 The Religious with the Secular
 Paradise in the West
 Christian Versus Mythological Motifs
 Gardens as Art, Gardens for Cultivation
Garden Elements West and East : Flowers and Rocks
 “Plant” Versus “Rock” Hunters
 Sources of the Dry Landscape Garden
Gardens and Politics : The Power of Paradise
 Law, Order, Dominance
 Gardens as Political Statements
Stroll Style and Geometric Style : Daimyo Gardens and Versailles
 The Stroll Style
 The Geometric Style
Inclination toward the Visual : The Rise of Landscape Gardens
 Influences on the Landscape Style
 The Trap of the Picturesque
Common People’s Paradises : Hanami Parks and Fairs
 Flowers of Popular Culture
 Origins of Cherry-blossom Viewing
 Public Recreation Spaces
 Squares and Fairgrounds
Modern Garden Design and Public Parks
 The First Japanese Public Park
 Admiration of the West
Gardens for Today : Gardening for Pleasure and Nature in Everyday Life
 A Rich Gardening Tradition
 Wildernesses as Parks
Chapter 3 In Praise of Edo Gardens
Gardens in Decline ?
 Support for the Decline Theory
 An Assessment Based on Function
 Design and Style
Features of Daimyo Gardens
 Ponds and Lawns
 Open Vistas
 Beauty and Functionality
Chapter 4 Beyond the Tea Ceremony : The Early History of Daimyo Gardens
A New Center of Influence
 Gardens Flourish as the City Grows
 Early Appurtenances : The Formal Greeting Area
The Tea Ceremony
 Contrived Pleasures in a Natural Setting
Links to Kyoto
 Katsura Detached Palace
 How Katsura Was Used
 Ceremony and Entertainment
 The Changing Garden
 Mitate as Point of Departure
The Building of a Daimyo Garden
 Tokudaiji Sahei
 From Kyoto to Edo
A Tozama Daimyo Garden : Ikutokuen
 Chronology of the Kaga Residences
 Visits from Shoguns
 Edo zu byōbu Screen
Chapter 5 Natural Topography and the Aesthetic of Allusion in Garden Scenery
High Culture of Japan and China : Koishikawa Kōrakuen
 Natural Topography
 Reading Kōrakuen kiji
 The Early Garden
 Kōrakuen Tour
 Riding Grounds and Cherry Blossoms
 Seiko Causeway
 The “Glass” Tea House
 From Kōshidō to Hakkakudō
 The Great Pond
 The Rocks of Kōrakuen
 What the Names Reveal
 Admiration of Kyoto Culture
A Garden Inspired by Japanese Poetry : Rikugien
 Named by Yanagisawa Yoshiyasu
 Garden of Six Kinds
 World Inspired by Waka
 Influence of Chinese Learning
 Completion of Rikugien
 Aristocrat-bushi Shared Tastes
A “Village” in a Garden : Toyamasō
 A Visit by Shogun Ienari
An Edo Innovation : Tidewater Gardens
 Hama Detached Palace
 Amenities of a Tidewater Garden
 Good Fishing
 Sporting Pleasures
 Shiba Detached Palace
 Bridges over the Central Island
Attention to Visual Pleasures : Yokuon’en
 Fifty-one Sights
 A Tour of Yokuon’en
 More on Platforms
 Creating “Sights”
 Freedom and Eclecticism
 Focus on Strolling
From the Hills to the Sea : Changing Conceptions of the Daimyo Garden
 “Haikenki” : The Garden-Viewing Perspective
 The “Cult” of Haiken
Chapter 6 Gardens of Feasting : Socializing Activities of the Daimyo
Garden Functions East and West
 Socializing and Hunting
 Versailles and Edo Castle
 Social Circles in Japan and the West
 The Gardens of Edo Castle through Western Eyes
Gardens in the Changing Tokugawa System
 A Garden-crazy Shogun?
 The Naturalist Shogun
 A Fondness for Entertainments
 Changing Perceptions of the Ideal Sovereign
 Gardens and Falcon Hunting
Broadening Functions and Public Access
 A Request to Tour Shimizuen
 A Club Prototype
 A Domain Lord’s Hospitality
 Shrines within Garden Grounds
Chapter 7 Provincial Daimyo Gardens : Havens of Politics and Pleasure
Kanazawa Kenrokuen
 Hasuike Garden
 The Memorable Banquet at Hasuike Tea House
 A Bird Hunt
 Debate over Chitosedai’s Designer
 The Six Attributes Perfected
Okayama Kōrakuen
 Before Gokōen
 Built over Thirteen Years
 Gokōen Opens to the Public
Mito Kairakuen
 A Plum Orchard
 The Opening
Ritsurin’en
 Perfected by the Fifth Lord
 Yorishige’s Accomplishments
Suizenji Park
 Ohanabatake
 Developed by Hosokawa Tsunatoshi
Genkyūen
Places of Color and Gaiety
Chapter 8 The Decline of Daimyo Gardens
The Transition to Meiji
 The Fate of Toyamasō
 Rescued Daimyo Gardens
 The Satake Garden
Heirs to the Daimyo Garden Tradition
 Influence on Overseas Perceptions
 Ueji’s Gardens and Yamagata Aritomo
 The Ideal of the Country Village
 Daimyo Gardens Reborn
References
Index

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