HOMENichibunken Monograph Series

Nichibunken Monograph Series

No. 16


The Nichibunken Monograph Series, authored primarily by faculty members of the International Research Center for Japanese Studies, presents some of the Center's leading research in English. Several volumes have been co-published with publishing houses in the U.S. and Europe.

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No. 16


Itō Hirobumi ― Japan's First Prime Minister and Father of the Meiji Constitution

TAKII Kazuhiro / Translated by Takechi Manabu    Routledge, International Research Center for Japanese Studies, 2014.2.11.   <ISBN 978-0-415-83886-3>

Itō Hirobumi ― Japan's First Prime Minister and Father of the Meiji Constitution
List of illustrations
Preface to the English edition
Previous scholarship on Itō Hirobumi
Itō in Shiba's historical fiction
Reconsideration based on the latest research
1 Encounter with Western civilization
Early years
Institutions and the West
The Iwakura Mission and shift to gradualism
2 A constitution for Japan: Building the foundation
Moving toward constitutional government: 1873-80
The Political Crisis of 1881
Constitutional study tour in Europe
Education and knowledge in constitutional government
Enactment of the Constitution and party government: Itō's speeches
Constitutional government as popular government: Itō's address to royalty and peers
3 Itō the constitutional evangelist
All things change: Itō's worldview
Nationwide campaign: stumping for the Constitution
Treaty revision and a new status in the world
Implanting the idea of popular government
Educating the people in practical science
Personal experience
4 Creating a society for knowledge: The Seiyūkai
From oligarch to party politician
Constitutional government and party-led government
Forming the Seiyūkai
From “faction” to “society”
The party as think-tank
5 Consolidating the national structure: The constitutional reforms of 1907
Seiyūkai setback
The Imperial Household Research Committee and constitutional reform
Constitutional reforms of 1907 (1): integrating the emperor into the state
Constitutional reforms of 1907 (2): responsible government and control over the military
Itō Hirobumi's idea of the nation
6 Itō and China
Two months in Korea and China
Lessons of the 1898 coup in China
Meeting with Zhang Zhidong
Views on China and plans for Japan
Hands off political change in China
7 Fostering governance in two countries
Itō's dual role and the resident-generalship
The showdown with Confucian tradition
Governing Korea and military reforms in Japan: extension of constitutional reform
The breakdown of Korean rule